Antibiotic Resistance

Last week in my animal welfare class we had the privilege to hear from Dr. Craig Poyne a veterinarian. He really clarified some big issues that are circulating in the agriculture world; those being: hormones, do animals feel pain, and the issue I want to speak more about is antibiotic resistance. In regards to antibiotic resistance he referred to research down by Dr. Hurd froImagem Iowa State University; who really delved into the causes of this resistance. The Centers for Disease Control has an annual report and for 2013 and in their report there wasn’t much information presented against antibiotics in farms. Surprisingly enough the main cause presented in this report of human resistance to antibiotics was due to human’s use of antibiotics. The take away message for me was that humans are the main source of the problem for antibiotic resistance; even though people love to blame farmers for this resistance. I am glad to see the science research proves otherwise. I can actually apply a life situation of my own to this, I feel like many times I have visited the doctor he was very quick to prescribe me medication. His ultimate fix for most problems is medication which probably isn’t the best idea since it creates a resistance the more you use antibiotics. Farmers and veterinarians agree that using antibiotics creates resistance so they are slowly phasing out antibiotic use for growth promotion. Although there has never been a case to occur where a human had a resistance to antibiotics from animal products; this is because of the extensive chain of events that would have to go on. The antibiotic resistant bacteria would need to leave the farm, survive harvesting, surviving retail, and then surviving preparation within the kitchen. The person then would need to get sick, get treated with an antibiotic, and then have treatment failure.  Even if there was bacteria present in the meat, thorough cooking will kill both resistant and susceptible bacteria. This chain of events would be very hard to occur due to the small amount of antibiotics used when you compare a 1,200 pound animal to the average 150 pound human. This is why the use of human antibiotics is more risky than eating a burger.

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